"PLAGIARISM" can take two different forms:
- Author(s) actively plagiarize another person's work and publish it as their own.
- Without giving the proper credit before publication, the author(s) copies all or part of their previously published work.
Before an article is submitted for peer review, the Journal runs it through a plagiarism checker. If plagiarism is found, its severity will be evaluated. The Journal occasionally checks this using readily available standard software. The following actions are done in response to this assessment:
- The author will be prompted to edit the information or cite appropriately if the amount of plagiarism is 10% or less.
- The author will be asked to edit the content with much more seriousness and resubmit it if it is between 10% –25%.
- If the percentage exceeds 25%, the work will be returned to the author, who will then need to carefully check for plagiarism when rewriting the entire document. After eliminating any copied text and revising the material, the author may still submit the identical paper under a new ID. In this scenario, the resubmitted article will be examined more closely to prevent any potential plagiarism, duplication of published data, or data manipulation.
Here, a copy of paragraph of five to ten lines is equivalent to 5% plagiarism (1.5 spacing). 10% and 25% would then be determined in accordance. Although this is only a rough estimate, it should be used as a general reference.
The following are the reasons for returning a manuscript with more than 25% plagiarism:
- It's possible that the author manipulated data from previously published papers in an unethical manner.
- To prevent any copy right litigations after the paper is published.
- Copying the discussion and introduction sections of any published paper without properly attributing the source.
If an author submits the same paper to multiple journals and those publications reflect the unethical practices of the journals, then there may be plagiarism. In this scenario, the author would be required to give an explanation and make corrections, and all but one published work would need to be withdrawn. If the author does not comply, the journal will take disciplinary action against this unethical practice by retracting the article, calling attention to the situation on the relevant journal's retraction page, and sending a notification to the author's department or university.
Plagiarism in submitter manuscript.COPE Council.COPE Flow charts and infographics-Fullset-English. Version 2:March 2021
Plagiarism in Published article.COPE Council.COPE Flow charts and infographics-Fullset-English. Version 2:March 2021