In order to preserve the integrity of academic credentials, the journal closely adheres to the Authorship Criteria of ICMJE and COPE.

The author must specify which co-authors are in charge of what aspects of the work and document drafting. Each author should have adequate faith in the dependability, repeatability, reason, accuracy, precision and integrity of their fellow authors work.

The following are the primary requirements for the manuscript's authors:

  • They should have made a major contribution to the work's design, concept, aim, and objective as well as its experimental findings, results, interpretations of the data, analysis of the data, and debates.
  • When the manuscript is being prepared for publication, they ought to be able to make changes in accordance with the requirements of the journal.

Authors and co-authors are free to collaborate on the study with any individual, organisation, or research body, but it is the authors' collective responsibility to ensure that those listed as authors and co-authors meet the aforementioned requirements. The journal does not assume this duty or get involved in author disputes.

All writers should examine and approve the manuscript.

If a manuscript is found to be unapproved by any of the authors, it need to be communicated to the journal for rejection.

It is the obligation of the corresponding authors to obtain permission for publication from each author.

Before submitting the paper to the journal, the senior and most knowledgeable author should examine the manuscript. Authors are required to mention each of their contributions in the manuscript at appropriate places. The duty of keeping in touch with the journal before, during, and even after publication rests with the corresponding author.

Peer review, copy editing criticisms, ethical dilemmas, problems with expressions of concern, retractions, and any other problems or procedures pertinent to the publication of the specific article must all be addressed.

The corresponding author is accountable and takes the responsibility for adhering to and finishing all journal standards towards publishing, including ethical committee permission, written consents, authorship information, proving pertinent documentation, and conflict of interest disclosures, even if they apply to any other authors.

Ghost, Guest and GIft Authorship:

A "ghost author" is a person who contributed to the paper in accordance with the authorship standards but was not given authorship credit in the manuscript. These are serious issues. Even if they were not directly involved in the study, they might have made a big difference by providing other professional services. Any addition of senior or highly regarded authors motivated by respect, influence, or bias in favour of favourable publishing is referred to as a gift or guest authoring and is unethical in the publishing norms.

Please refer the following,

Defining the Role of Authors and Contributors. ICMJE. Available from Click here

COPE Authorship . available at

Ghost, guest, or gift authorship in a submitted manuscript

Ghost or Gift authorship suspect. COPE flow chart .Availabel at flow chart

COPE Authorship discussion document.

How to recognise potential authorship problems. COPE