Researchers who submit research manuscripts using patient study data are required to include information of patients relevant to the study in their paper . However, unless the author obtains the patients' or guardians agreement, the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) regulation prohibits the use of such material in articles:
Obtaining the individual's or patients' informed consent is necessary for
- Their participation in the study.
- For disclosing their name online (text, images etc.)
- To publish their information.
The author must explicitly indicate in the "Materials and Method section" that " Informed consent was obtained from all patients for inclusion in the study." The reason for not getting consent also should be stated.
It should be made clear whether the approval was given orally or in writing but receiving written consent is desirable. If Oral consent is received , the reasons for not obtaining the written consent should be clearly stated, and the Institutional Review Board's clearance for its use should be accompanied by the necessary supporting documentation.
Journals’ Best Practices for Ensuring Consent for Publishing Medical Case Reports: guidance from COPE